This approach regards literature as a unique form of human knowledge that needs to be examined on its own terms all the elements necessary for understanding the work are contained within the work itself. Gilbert h muller, who received a phd in english and american literature from stanford university, is currently professor of english and special assistant to the president at the laguardia campus of the city university of new york. Critical reading means that a reader applies certain processes, models, questions, and theories that result in enhanced clarity and comprehension there is more involved, both in effort and understanding, in a critical reading than in a mere skimming of the text.
Of texts for effective reading instruction an oversimplified approach was sometimes taken to reading instruction te a c h e r s may be authentic literature. Close reading is deep analysis of how a literary text works it is both a reading process and something you include in a literary analysis paper, though in a refined form fiction writers and poets build texts out of many central components, including subject, form, and specific word choices. Feminist critics insist that works by and about women be added to the literary canon and read from a feminist perspective three main areas of study and points of criticism exist in the feminist theory. Reading, writing, listening, and speaking through the vehicle of children's literature, the teacher can establish meaningful relationships between concepts and.
Others, however, maintain that a literature-based approach, in which students are exposed to real, authentic literature in a natural setting, is a more effective way to teach reading in the classroom. Literature in education are to develop in students (1) an awareness of the value and pleasure of reading good literary works, (2) an appreciation and deeper understanding of important human concerns and human. Literature-based instruction approaches literature based instruction (lbi) approaches brings back the need for high-quality texts in the classroom in classroom that use an lbi approach students select their own high interest text to read independently. Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature however, literary scholarship since the 19th century often includes—in addition to, or even instead of literary theory in the strict sense—considerations of intellectual history, moral philosophy, social prophecy, and other interdisciplinary themes which are of.
1 a response-based approach to reading literature judith a langer university at albany, suny in this research report, i will discuss my work on response-based instruction, the. Approaches to reading this introduction to reading skills is best discussed and worked through with two or three colleagues it aims to generate discussion on the key issues in reading we need to consider as well as giving readers the opportunity to pick one another's activity closets for those real gems we all have tucked away. Critical reading lenses, or critical approaches, or critical theory, or literary theory a number of terms are used on this page and elsewhere to describe how to read a work of literature from a specific perspective. 1 the concepts of literacy, reading comprehension and literary competence 4 11 the importance of literacy, reading comprehension and literary competence 4 12 the importance of literacy, reading comprehension, literary competence and literature in teaching english as a foreign language 6 2. Reading rockets is a national multimedia project that o ffers a wealth of research-based reading strategies, lessons, and activities designed to help young children learn how to read and read better our reading resources assist parents, teachers, and other educators in helping struggling readers build fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension skills.
The relevance of literary analysis to teaching literature requires learners to approach literary texts reading literature. Some ways you can approach a literary text 1 who wrote it and why how do the writer's concerns appear in the text biographical criticism psychoanalytical criticism. Though this approach rejects the notion that a single correct reading exists for a literary work, it does not consider all readings permissible: each text creates limits to its possible interpretations. A text is an independent entity focuses on close readings of texts and analysis of the effects of literary elements and techniques on the text examines a text as independent from its time period and author's background. The ultimate goal, however, is to prove that it is crucial to use reading and literary texts in an english language classroom the first chapter is devoted to clarifying the concepts of literacy, reading comprehension and literary competence.
The importance of literacy, reading comprehension, literary competence and literature in teaching english as a foreign language 6 2 past approaches until the second half of the 20th century 7. Critical approaches to literature deconstruction is a school of literary criticism that suggests that language is not a stable entity, and that we can never exactly say what we mean. You have just read the article entitled different approaches to teaching readingplease read the article from excellence in education about principles of teaching, teaching and learning more.
Literature-based 2 acknow1edgements this project is dedicated to my husband larry and my children, aaron and lisa, with appreciation for their love and patience while i pursued my education, and to. Literature with literary theory see literature as a part of larger society outside the text and classroom they are trained to read a text in connection with the social and cultural realities and institutions. Literature-based instruction julio is an elementary teacher he wants to teach his students how to read and analyze texts, but more than that, he wants to instill in them a love of reading. Approaches to literature formalistic or literary approach the first approach is called formalistic or pure or literary the selection is read and viewed intrinsically, or for itself independent of author, age, or any other extrinsic factor.
Textual criticism is a branch of textual scholarship, philology, and literary criticism that is concerned with the identification of textual variants in either manuscripts or printed books.